Pisa, a few miles from Tyrrhenian Cost, is famous for its leaning Tower and its Cathedral Square, better known as Miracle Square. The origins of Pisa are really very ancient, some archeological finds testify the existence of Neolithic settlements. The Etruscan presence date back between the 6th and 3rd centuries B.C. In that time Pisa overlooked the sea. Later, it was Romanized, and the Romans built an important naval base for its fleet, the “Portus Pisanus”, the Port of Pisa, exactly between the mouth of the river, where nowadays is situated San Pietro a Grado, and a part of the coast now occupied by Livorno. With the fall of the Roman Empire, Pisa grew in importance and in the 11th century it became one of the strongest Italian Maritime Republics, together with Genoa, Amalfi and Venice.
Pisa had the control and the supremacy of the western part of the Mediterranean sea. Still nowadays Pisa organizes the Historical Regatta of the Maritima Republics to remind that period.
The city is served by Pisa Galileo Galilei International Airport, (0.6 mi from the Pisa city center). From here it’s possible to reach Florence and all Tuscan cities with a driver who will pick you up from Pisa Airport.